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The Working Men Have No Country!

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The Working Men Have No Country!

The Working Men Have No Country!
The Working Men Have No Country!” “Since the nationalist ‘reunification frenzy German chauvinism has been more and more promoted internally and towards the exterior in order to tie an ever stronger bond between the workers and the rest of the working people on one side and the imperialist bourgeoisie which finds itself in an increasing imperialist ri valry to US-imperialism and other imperialist big powers – on the other.
With the slogan ‘Working men of all coun tries, unite!’ the historical birth document of scientific communism, the ‘Manifesto of the Communist Party’ already formulated a decla ration of war to nationalism in every form, a de claration that is of enormous significance, especially for us in Germany today. Marx and Engels knew very well that one of the most important manoeuvres of the bourgeoisie to prevent the proletariat from revolution was the appeal to the theme of the ‘Fatherland’ and of ‘patriotism’. Marx and Engels noted: ‘The Communists are further reproached with desi ring to abolish countries and nationality. ‘ The answer that Marx and Engels gave to this demagogic bourgeois reproach in 1848 has been discussed time and again during the histo ry of the communist world movement and is still a red rag to opportunists and nationalists. ” ■ “… We cannot take from them what they have not got ” For one thing, this answer by Marx and Engels makes clear that with its appeal to patriotism, the bourgeoisie tries to obscure the decisive point:
Who has the power in the state, and in the economy?
To whom does the country belong? But they didn’t stop with this comment, as the leaflet goes on to elaborate:
“… because the aim of the communist forces is the destruction of the power of the imperialist bourgeoisie world-wide and, under the lea dership of the international proletariat, to build world communism where there will be no ex ploitation and oppression, no states, no nations and nationalities anymore …” ■ “… the inland as the immediate scenery of this struggle” “Though not in substance, yet in form, the struggle of the proletariat with the bourgeoisie is at first a national struggle. The proletariat of each country must, of course, first of all settle matters with its own bourgeoisie.” (Marx/Engels, “Manifesto of the Communist Party”, 1848, Peking 1977, p. 47) The demagogic manoeuvres of the chauvinists towards a nationalist interpretation of this core thesis of Marx and Engels must be fought with maximal theoretical trenchancy as well as with the necessary revulsion. For that, the following aspects are of significance:

• ‘”first of all settle matters with its own bourgeoisie’ – that means that the main enemy of the communist forces is to be found in their ‘own’ country, nowhere else. The working field and the responsibility of the communist forces of a country is primarily the struggle for the(…)

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