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The uprising in Chiapas in the south of Mexico early this year came tike a ray of hope for revolutionaries all over the world, at a time when it appears as internation

en-flb-1994-05-06

The uprising in Chiapas in the south of Mexico early this year came tike a ray of hope for revolutionaries all over the world, at a time when it appears as internation

The uprising in Chiapas in the south of Mexico early this year came tike a ray of hope for revolutionaries all over the world, at a time when it appears as international imperialism were on an unstoppable offensive on a broad front and as If the revolutionaries were beaten.
The revolutionary struggles in Mexico give people courage and prove yet again that the contradictions of the Imperialist system cannot be solved by itself, that the struggles of the peoples will breakout with renewed strength to resolve these contradictions In a revolutionary way, I.e.
Organ for the Building of the Marxist-Leninist Party of West Germany 5-6/94 May-Uune 1994 / in English January 1995
through the overthrow and destruction of the Imperialist system.
And so we were glad that representatives of “Spartakus” {Organ for the Building of the Mandst-Leninlst Party in Turkey) and of “Gegen die Strömung” had the opportunity to meet in Barcelona with comrade P., a representative of the “Movimento Revolucionario de México” (an alliance of seven armed revolutionary organisations in Mexico) and to conduct with him a thoroughgoing discussion from which we here publish extracts.
The Uprising in Chiapas Can you describe the beginning and course of the Chiapas uprising?
In the night of December31 st to January 1 st five towns iti Chiapas were occupied simultaneously in the early hours of the morning. The name of Subco mandante Marcos actually originates from this, since iheinitial letters of the five towns- Las Margaritas, Al tami rano. Rancho Nuevo, Corni tan, Ocosingo, San Cristóbal de las Casas – when put together make up Marcos. There were in fact six towns.but we failed to capture Comitán. Threeof these towns have more than 100,000 inhabitants.
We have been asked again and again whether the uprising in Chiapas was also linked with the implementation of the NAFTA-treaty on the 1st of January. Answering this question in an interview Marcos explained that in such an action surprise is the most important factor, and so they chose December 31st to start the uprising, because mostof the soldiers and police get drunkon New Year’s Eve. And so it was; so that troops from Mexico City could not be sent so quickly and İt was only on January 2nd that units of the army could be despatched.
We chose the federal state of Chiapas and those cities tounleash the insurrection, because one of our most important aims was to reveal to the whole world the condi tions in which we, the people, have to live, and to do this we had to direct such a powerful blow at the state authorities that they would be unable to hush it up.
in addition, many Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) from Europe and the USA work in Chiapas. San Cristóbal İs an important tourist attraction and hundreds of tourists were present in the town when it was taken. It was for this reason that the Mexican state was unable to conceal the news of the uprising.
The long-term occupation of the cities, however, was nevera part of the pían. The EZLN (Zapatista National Liberation Army)wanted to strike a blow at the Mexican state in a glare of publicity and then withdraw. An orderly retreat was undertaken and this also succeeded, except in Altamirano where we suffered some losses, because we had wrongly estimated the situ-(…)

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